Bouncing a Baby to Sleep#

Some babies like to be bounced to calm them down. A baby’s aunt (85.3 kg) sits on a “birthing” ball and bounces a 8.72 kg baby with them with frequency 1.48 Hz, and finds that the baby goes to sleep. The baby’s uncle (68.0 kg) tries the same technique, but finds that the baby won’t go to sleep. They realize that this is because they can’t bounce on the ball with the same frequency as the baby’s aunt.

Part 1#

Assuming this to be simple harmonic motion, what is the spring constant of the ball (assume that it remains unchanged by the added weight)?

Answer Section#

Please enter in a numeric value in \(N/m\).

Part 2#

What adjustment to the spring constant needs to be made for the father to put his child to sleep?

Answer Section#

Please enter in a numeric value in \(N/m\).

Part 3#

How could such an adjustment be made to the ball, which is filled with air?

Answer Section#

  • Remove air to decrease the pressure in the ball. Decreased pressure makes the ball ‘softer’.

  • Remove air to decrease the pressure in the ball. Decreased pressure makes the ball ‘stiffer’.

  • Remove air to increase the pressure in the ball. Increased pressure makes the ball ‘softer’.

  • Remove air to increase the pressure in the ball. Increased pressure makes the ball ‘stiffer’.

  • Add more air to decrease the pressure in the ball. Decreased pressure makes the ball ‘softer’.

  • Add more air to decrease the pressure in the ball. Decreased pressure makes the ball ‘stiffer’.

  • Add more air to increase the pressure in the ball. Increased pressure makes the ball ‘softer’.

  • Add more air to increase the pressure in the ball. Increased pressure makes the ball ‘stiffer’.

Attribution#

Problem is licensed under the CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 license.
The Creative Commons 4.0 license requiring attribution-BY, non-commercial-NC, and share-alike-SA license.