Exponential Damping 5#

A \({{params.m}}\) kg mass oscillates on a \({{params.k}}\) N/m spring. The damping constant of this spring is \(b\) = \({{params.b}}\) kg/s.

Useful Info#

For slowly moving objects we’ve seen that the drag force grows in proportion to the velocity, \(\overrightarrow{D} = -b\overrightarrow{v}\), where \(b\) is the damping constant and \(\overrightarrow{v}\) is the velocity of the object.

The net force acting on a slowly moving mass attached to a massless spring in the presence of a drag force (for motion along \(x\) relative to an equilibrium point \(x_0\)) can be written as:

(14)#\[\begin{equation} F\_{net,x} = -b\frac{dx}{dt} - kx=ma = m\frac{d^2x}{dt^2} \end{equation}\]

The solution of this differential equation is found to be \begin{equation} x(t) = Ae^{-\frac{bt}{2m}} \cos(\omega t) = Ae^{-\frac{t}{2\tau}} \cos(\omega t)= A(t) \cos(\omega t) \end{equation} , where \(A\) is the initial amplitude of the oscillation, \(\tau\) is the time constant, \(A(t)\) is the time-dependent amplitude of the oscillation, and \(\omega = \sqrt{\frac{k}{m} - \frac{b^2}{4m^2}}\) is the angular frequency of the damped oscillation.

Part 1#

What is the amplitude of the spring divided by the amplitude at \(t = 0\) s (\(A\)) after one period of oscillation? Answer the question to two significant digits.

Answer Section#

Please enter in a numeric value in .

pl-submission-panel#

Attribution#

Problem is licensed under the CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 license.
The Creative Commons 4.0 license requiring attribution-BY, non-commercial-NC, and share-alike-SA license.